Johannes studied French and Latin at the University of Geneva and French at King's College London. He is interested mainly in hermeneutics, poetics, and philology, and is increasingly drawn to the notion of collectivity. The concept of 'fictionality' bewilders him. His research is concerned primarily with 12th and 13th century Old French and Old Occitan sources, but Johannes is also keen on studying Michon, Proust, Diderot, Rabelais, and many more. Please visit https://profiles.stanford.edu/johannes-michael-junge-ruhland for more biographical and research information, and https://stanford.academia.edu/JohannesJungeRuhland for a list of publications.